16 Jul Mathematics as a Career Path
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Mathematics as a career choice has been picking up among the students of India since the last couple of years. But sadly, very few students are aware fully of the scope they have to study in India. Most go for the local colleges and Universities in their neighbourhood. In this article we shall discuss the avenues that are open to students after they pass their 12^{th} class in India.
India has a rich tradition in math since time immemorial, and this has led to the establishments of various centres of learning in math and related sciences. In the present day too, there are various institutes offering math education and research of world repute in India. Typically the road to an education in math starts after passing the 12^{th} class in India. A student then has the opportunity to either opt for a BSc degree or an Integrated MSc degree or a BS degree or an Integrated MS degree.
The two best places in India offering a Bachelor’s degree in math are the Indian Statistical Institute (ISI), Bangalore and the Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI), Chennai. ISI offers a B.Math degree, and admissions are held after a tough screening test in various centres of India held in late May each year followed by a personal interview at Bangalore. CMI offers a BSc degree in Mathematics and Computer Science and another in Mathematics and Physics, admissions to which is through a written test held in various centres of India in late May each year, which may be followed up by an interview later. Both ISI and CMI also admit students who have qualified in the Indian National Mathematical Olympiad (INMO). For ISI they also have to attend an interview in Bengaluru. For ISI the interview takes place at Bengaluru. Added to that CMI also admits students who have qualified in the Indian National Olympiad in Informatics (INOI) and Indian National Physics Olympiad (INPhO). The INMO is held every year on the first Sunday of February. But to appear in the INMO, one has to pass the Regional Mathematical Olympiad (RMO) which is held in various centres throughout India in December every year. Similarly to appear in INPhO one has to pass National Standard Exam in Physics(NSEP) and for INOI one has to pass either of Zonal Computing Olympiad(ZCO) or Zonal Informatics Olympiad(ZIO).
A student can also opt for a BS degree in math, which is a 4 year course. At present the two best places in India for a BS degree are the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur and the Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore. IIT admits students via the JEE Advanced held every year in AprilMay. While IISc admits students via the JEE Mains, JEE Advanced and Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY). The KVPY is held every year in November for students in classes 11th, 12th and UG 1st year.
A student can also opt for an integrated BSMS dual degree course in math offered at the Indian Institutes of Science and Education Research(IISERs) which is a 5 year course. The IISERs are located in Pune, Mohali, Kolkata, Bhopal and Trivandrum. The IISERs admit students via KVPY, JEE Advanced. One may also apply via marks in board exams and then writing the IISER entrance exam which is held in mid July in the five IISERs. The marks in board exams depends on the INSPIRE cutoff for the respective boards.
After the BSc/BMath/BS degrees a student has the opportunity to get an MSc or an MS degree from the many places in India and abroad. They can also apply for an Integrated MScPhD degree offered at some places in India. Ideally the best places in India for a Masters degree in math are mentioned below:

CMI, through admission test held in late May

ISI, Kolkata or Bengaluru through admission test held in late May
For Integrated MScPhD programmes the best places are:

Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), Mumbai and Bangalore admits through a written test held in May and followed by an interview

IISc, Joint Admission Test for M.Sc. (JAM) followed by an interview at IISc

The Institute of Mathematical Sciences (IMSc), Chennai admits through the National Board of Higher Mathematics (NBHM) exam followed by an interview

Harish Chandra Research Institute (HRI), Allahabad admits through the NBHM exam followed by an interview

IISERs (Pune, Mohali, Trivandrum, Bhopal, Kolkata) also has a good Integrated MSPhD course and they admit students either via their own exams or NBHM
If a student wants to opt for an Integrated MSc in math then the best place in India is the University of Hyderabad, which admits students through a written test held in early June. Various other central universities also have the Integrated programme, amongst them the best curriculum after the University of Hyderabad is at the Pondicherry University and Tezpur University. In recent years, many new Central Universities have also started this course.
A student can also opt for an Integrated MS degree offered at present by the IISERs, and also at the National Institute of Science Education and Research (NISER) at Bhubaneswar and Centre for Basic Sciences (CBS) at Mumbai. The IISERs admits students via JEE Advanced, KVPY and through board exam performances. While NISER and CBS admits students through the National Entrance Screening Test (NEST) held every year in early June.
After a Masters degree, a student can pursue a PhD. The best places in India to get a PhD in math are TIFR, IMSc and HRI. Normally these institutes (except TIFR which has its own exam) accept students who have cleared either NBHM or the CSIR JRF exam followed by an interview. Students who have been awarded INSPIRE Fellowships by the Department of Science and Technology (DST), GoI may also be called for interviews at these institutes. Apart from these, CMI, ISI, IISc, IISERs and NISER also has a very highly ranked PhD programme.
Students studying at all the above institutes are paid fellowships of Rs.5000 for the Bachelors students, Rs.5000Rs.7000 to the Masters Students by the DST and around Rs.12000Rs.18000 for the PhD students. In CMI PhD students are paid Rs. 2600028000 for PhD and Rs. 9000 for M.Sc. But recent hike in fellowship for PhD students mean that they might be paid as high as Rs. 26000 in the coming session onwards.
In this article we have only focused on the best institutes in India. There are many other quite good places to study mathematics. Among them mention may be made of the Institute of Mathematics and Applications (IMA) at Bhubaneswar and the University of Delhi.
[This article was slightly modified on 14th of March, 2015.]
Managing Editor of the English Section, Gonit Sora and Research Fellow, Faculty of Mathematics, University of Vienna.
Ashok Kumar Singh
Posted at 12:12h, 02 AugustSir,
Is it possible to apply for M. Stat at ISI after B. Sc in Mathematics from IGNOU ? Also what are my other options for applied mathematics in India. Please help.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:21h, 11 AugustYes, you can. But you will have to clear the entrance and subsequent interviews for getting final admission. You could look into the Applications of Mathematics course at CMI as well as the Integrated MScPhD course at TIFRCAM Bangalore. The South Asian University at New Delhi also has an Applied Mathematics department, which you can take a look at as well.
Ashok Kumar Singh
Posted at 22:54h, 03 OctoberThank You so much. My first choice will be M.Stat at ISI Kolkata. I am preparing for the exam in May 2017. I know the theory of the exam well. Please suggest me books which I can read/solve other than the books mentioned on the ISI Kolkata website.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 14:46h, 14 NovemberHi, you should have a solid background in the subjects for your undergrad in Statistics, specially topics like Probability Theory and Measure Theory, for which you can take a look at the books by Sheldon Ross (Probability Theory), W. Feller (Probability Theory) and Royden (Measure Theory). Best of luck.
Ankit
Posted at 12:55h, 26 JanuaryHey Ashok!
I’m pursuing my current Math undergrad degree from IGNOU! I find it hard to find people interested in Math as a career from IGNOU. Where are you these days?
Reshma
Posted at 12:50h, 02 AugustThanks a lot sir
for your help.
The books that are mentioned in your other comments are they god for net preparation also?
and how to prepare for paper 1 and 2 of net in which general reasoning and ability logical based questions are there.
can you please tell something about SRA and JRF GATE scheme given in CSIR official website
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:23h, 11 AugustYes, they would also be valuable resources to prepare for NET. Additionally you should also try to solve previous years’ questions so that you can get an idea about the level of the exam and your preparation for the same.
The logical reasoning parts are just simple mathematical problems that you would be able to solve without any special preparation.
aryan sharma
Posted at 18:08h, 02 AugustHello, i am M.Sc. 1st mathematics year student at Banaras Hindu Universuty. I want to prepare for exams like NET, GATE,TIFR,CMI etc but i am not that good to qualify these exams so i want to prepare starting from the basic things, so please tell me how i should study and suggest me books for every topic which are easy to understand and also content is good
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:24h, 11 AugustThe books that are valuable are already mentioned in the previous comments, kindly take a look at those. You should read everything from scratch and try to solve as many problems as you possibly can.
akash
Posted at 19:55h, 10 AugustHello.. I am pursuing my masters course from Calcutta university in applied mathematics with specialization in dynamical systems. My question is what are the good institutions in india to get a PhD in dynamical systems.? And what are the pre requisite for the course..
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:25h, 11 AugustYou should write to Professor S. G. Dani at IIT Bombay and ask for his advice in this regard. He is an expert in this area and we strongly recommend that you try to contact him.
For a PhD, you must have atleast a first class in your MSc apart from relevant qualification in competitive examinations like NET, GATE or NBHM.
All the best.
Ravi Parkash
Posted at 17:13h, 13 AugustIs English compulsory as a subject in B.Sc Mathematics for admission in M.Sc with IISc Bangalore?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:27h, 16 AugustNo.
Krishna Hore
Posted at 22:56h, 16 AugustSir, I really need a good suggestion in my career. Actually I have always loved Maths but chose wrong academic stream. I had Economics Hons. but it cancelled in the 3rd year,I studied Maths (pass) of 300 marks but the marks was very poor.Though I had very good marks in Maths upto class 12. My B.Sc aggregate was about 41%. After that,because of some personal problems I could not do anything in my career except private tuition. I want to make my career in teaching Maths, specially online tutoring and also willing to appear in West Bengal TET exam. My question is
Can I pursue a bridge course/special Hons in Maths after a long gap of completing B.Sc general(10+2+3) from Calcutta University? If yes,where is it offered in WB/other state(dist./regular)?Is there any marks or age bar?What’s the eligibility ? Should i do again a B.Sc (Maths Hons/major) ( whether two bachelor degree is valid) ,then M.Sc or only M.Sc(Maths) to save time in dist/regular? What will be good for my career as I want to be an online Maths teacher. What is the eligibility of WB SSC TET for Maths?
Please suggest University(distance/regular) that has good reputation regarding the course, study materials ,teaching method etc. Does Calcutta University offer M.Sc Maths through distance mode ?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:53h, 20 AugustHi Krishna, for online tutoring you do not need any other qualification. You just need a willing employer and students to teach.
You should in our opinion do a distance based Masters in Mathematics from any university of your choice. Try to do a good result in such a course and then you can supplement that later with a slightly specialized masters course. This in our view would be better than to do a BSc and then an MSc, in this way you save some time as well. But this would need sincere dedication from your side.
The website for the WB SSC is http://www.westbengalssc.com/sscorg/wbssc/home/, we could not find the answer to your specific query here and we would not like to give you an answer without backing up with official sources.
Krishna Hore
Posted at 23:55h, 16 AugustSir,
Which regular Universities in West Bengal / other states,India have no upper age limit for candidates to get admitted in Bachelor / Masters in Maths ?
Whether a candidate can appear in the entrance test of Indian Statistical Institute for M.Math course who has studied Maths(pass) of 300 marks in the Bachelor degree?
What’s the eligibility (marks requirement) and upper age limit to learn M.Math course at ISI ?
Should a candidate pursue M.Sc in Pure Maths or Applied Maths who wants to be a Maths teacher ? What are the differences regarding syllabus ,career opportunities etc. ?
Looking for your valuable reply.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:10h, 20 AugustHi Krishna,
Yes, you can still apply for the MMath course, if you have studied mathematics as a subject for at least four semesters or two years in your Bachelors degree. As far as we know, there is no upper age limit for applying into that program.
You can pursue either pure or applied math if you want to become a math teacher, and we are assuming here that you are interested in teaching in schools and possibly colleges. You will get to know about all the basic branches of math in any of the course, for applied math you will also have the option of looking at other career avenues after you complete the course.
All the best.
Injamul Patgiri
Posted at 14:12h, 17 AugustWhat are the Government jobs after completing Degree in mathematics, Sir ?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:46h, 20 AugustYou will be eligible to apply for all such jobs whose minimum qualification is a graduate degree. For specific mathematics related job, we would suggest you to keep an eye on the ‘Employment News’ published every week.
amol singh chahar
Posted at 16:58h, 18 Augustsir, i am doing my m.sc (maths) from gurukul kangri vishvavidyalaya, haridwar .i m interested to become my future in computer science and i want now for gate cs. Should i eligible for gate from cs after msc or not. If yes what strategy should i make for preparation for gate exam and when i want to start prepare for it. Please suggest me .
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:13h, 20 AugustHi Amol. Yes, you would be eligible for GATE CS. We advise you to look into the 2016 GATE question paper here: http://www.gate.iitr.ernet.in/?page_id=258, you can also find information about GATE 2017 in the same website. All the best.
pranav
Posted at 10:44h, 21 Augustsir,i am doing my maths hons from ignou .can i do m.stat from isi ? is there any disadvantage of doing graduation from distance learning ?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:43h, 21 AugustThere is no disadvantage as such if you are yourself sincere and wiling to study a bit on your own. However, it is always advisable to do a traditional course in an university fulltime.
Sai
Posted at 14:30h, 22 AugustHello,
I am interested in pursuing higher education in Mathematics(Masters & Doctorate ) . I currently hold a Bachelor of Engg degree in Electronics & comm Engg with extensive IT experience.
What are the options for me for distance education?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:58h, 27 AugustIf you are interested in doing a PhD as well, then we would urge you to do your masters degree in fulltime mode from a good institute, some of which are already mentioned in the post. Please note that some of these institutes need at least two years or four semesters of mathematics courses in your undergraduate studies.
Debashis
Posted at 10:59h, 23 AugustHi sir,
I have done my B.tech in electrical engineering from kiit university (2015 pass out) in which I had two years of mathematics course. Now I’m in an IT firm, but I really want to continue my studies in maths. What will be the best option for me. Please advise.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:00h, 27 AugustYou will be eligible to do a masters in mathematics. We would like to advice you to consider giving IITJAM, NBHM, TIFR, CMI and ISI entrance exams. You should also as an option apply to some other good universities like University of Hyderabad, etc for safety measures to take admission if the others don’t pan out well.
ANIRBAN BHATTACHARJEE
Posted at 15:36h, 23 AugustSir i doing my m.sc from burdawn university distance mode.what can i do after that?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:03h, 27 AugustYou are eligible to apply for any job or course that a normal masters degree holder can apply to.
Ashish tadvi
Posted at 00:28h, 30 AugustSir, I had already graduation in bsc chem. In 2015 BT I love & passion in maths subject & ne job. In maths teacher in highschool BT I have graduate in bsc. maths this year & doing already bed. In last year so how can is it possible ?
Bcoz I should be study M.sc with maths otherwise physics sub. Next year
Soooo plzzz help me & quick ans. Sir
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:27h, 19 SeptemberWe are sorry Ashish, but could you please rephrase your question again and we can try to reply then?
S K RAO
Posted at 16:38h, 01 SeptemberRespected Sir,
I want to know career after M.Sc. in Computational Finance .I also want to know about Institute of Mathematics and Applications, BHUBANESWAR.
At present I am in B.Sc Math final year From Patna University,Patna,I want to join Institute of Mathematics and Applications, BHUBANESWAR.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:21h, 19 SeptemberHi, you can already apply for a scholarship examination, details can be found here http://www.iomaorissa.ac.in/PGScholarship/PGSch170916.pdf. The last date is the 4th of October, 2016. IMA is a nice place to be in, but you should also look into the MSc in Applications of Mathematics at the Chennai Mathematical Institute (CMI).
Ghanashyam
Posted at 18:47h, 08 SeptemberSir
I am currently pursuing my Electrical and Electronics Engineering degree in Bengaluru. I intend to do my further studies in Mathematics, and my area of interest in Number Theory. What are the universities abroad that I need to look for, to study Number Theory ? And what kind of internships and courses do I need to do/take, along with TOEFL and GRE to improve my chances of getting into these universities for Number Theory ?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:24h, 19 SeptemberYou should definitely take the GRE and TOEFL examinations. If you wish to apply for the Fall 2017 session then you must appear for these examinations with any delay as the deadline for applications is very near. If you know a bit more about the kind of work you are interested in doing, then please let us know so that we can give you a better reply to your query.
Rumi saha
Posted at 17:34h, 10 SeptemberSir, I am a 3rd year Bsc general student with mathematics statistics and economics as my subjects. Am I eligible for iit jam 2017? In the form i am required to write the discipline of qualifying degree. I am confused. Am I supposed to write all the three subjects I had? Or does that mean only honours students are eligible for iit jam ? Also am i eligible for m.math in ISI?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:36h, 19 SeptemberYou are eligible for the math JAM if you had four semesters or two years of math courses in your BSc. You can write the subject with the most credit in your transcripts. For M.Math also you would be eligible.
Anirban Saha
Posted at 19:36h, 16 SeptemberSir, Can a person from an engineering background in civil be able to make a career in mathematics? If yes, How? What other requirements are necessary to make it a success?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 19:42h, 19 SeptemberYes, you can. Just apply to the institutes mentioned in this post.
Jaspreet singh
Posted at 23:24h, 26 SeptemberSir, i have completed bcom hons. last year and currently pursuing actuarial science. But i wish to pursue higher mathematics studies but i am not eligible for it since i’ve graduated in commerce. Will it be a wise decision to do a BA major in mathematics from IGNOU so that i can become eligible to pursue a masters in mathematics from a reputed institute ?
I’m really in need of an advice from you sir.
thank you
Gonit Sora
Posted at 14:41h, 14 NovemberHi, sorry for the late response. Yes, you can of course do a BA or BSc in Mathematics from IGNOU. You should also check if IGNOU will offer you a masters course with your degree.
vikas
Posted at 11:37h, 01 OctoberHi..
i have completed my post graduation msc math in 2016.. i am working in bank of america on Backend in delhi since 2 month.. i am confused whether i am on right place or not..becoz i dont want to go on teaching carrer..or i was thinking to apply for corresponce mba in finance.. so please suggest me.. about my future to look clearly in one direction so i can work hard..best reviews and answer i want from u please think seriously
thanks
Gonit Sora
Posted at 14:43h, 14 NovemberHello, you can opt for a masters in applicable mathematics, like the ones offered at CMI or TIFRCAM Bangalore. Another option is also to do a specialized MTech in Operations or other such field. You can check the courses offered at ISI to get some idea about this.
Suman
Posted at 22:17h, 03 OctoberDear Gonit Sora,
I am in class X, based in Bangalore. I am interested in applying for inmo. Can you guide me to faculty who can provide me with coaching. My school is unable to support. Thanks
Gonit Sora
Posted at 14:44h, 14 NovemberHello, you should contact the people at the Mathematical Olympiad Cell at IISc Bangalore http://math.iisc.ac.in/matholymnat.htm
shrey
Posted at 14:53h, 03 NovemberHi,
I am called in for NBHM M.Sc. interview this month. Can you advise on how to prepare for that? I plan to revise everything I did for the written test. But I’m not sure if I should do something else too like study a topic or teo from the present MSc syllabus.
I have already checked out the interview experience shared on this website and posted the same query there too but I didn’t receive any reply. So, I decided to ost the same here, on more active part of the website.
So, what do you recommend? Also, Is it a good idea to contact the people who cleared the interview last year and ask them for advjce?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 14:49h, 14 NovemberHi, we have replied to your previous comment now. We are sorry for the delay.
Yes, it is a good idea to try and contact people who have gone through the process. Best of luck.
rajarshi chowdhury
Posted at 15:29h, 04 Novemberapart from ISI/CMI or likely institutes from where capussingis done.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 14:49h, 14 NovemberWe are sorry, but we did not understand your exact query. Could you rephrase the question please?
goutam pal
Posted at 23:10h, 08 NovemberSir , Is graduation from nsou(netaji subhas open university) via distance education is sufficient for every exam like jam, tifrncra,etc (this type) ?????
I am in b.sc physics hons. Student…..
Gonit Sora
Posted at 14:56h, 14 NovemberYes, it is enough.
vaishnavi
Posted at 15:44h, 04 DecemberHello sir,
Sir i am preparing for various post graduate entrance exams in maths. I want the information regarding the various maths courses available at indian institutes. I have heard about financial mathematics, physical mathematics etc. Can you inform me about such courses available in indian institutes and also in which institute they are available.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:20h, 31 DecemberOne course that you should look is Applications in Mathematics at Chennai Mathematical Institute.
anoushka
Posted at 21:34h, 03 DecemberHi
I am pursuing Cambridge A level exams
i need to study undergraduate in Maths or abroad
please suggest
i cannot apply for IISC or ISI OR cmi?
please suggest
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:20h, 31 DecemberYou should be eligible for CMI, you can write an email to them beforehand.
GOPAL
Posted at 17:05h, 14 DecemberHello Sir,
My daughter is pursuing cambridge A level in a bangalore school
She would like to pursue in Maths
which university in bangalore is good other than ISI?
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:21h, 31 DecemberIndian Institute of Science has a BS course in mathematics, which is quite good.
Dharmendra Singh
Posted at 18:07h, 14 DecemberBest lekh.
Can you tell me the best Hindi / translated books in Hindi of Maths?
shrey
Posted at 00:10h, 16 DecemberHi,
I am preparing for NBHM P.hD. Of next month and had a question about it.
The notification for application says that through this exam student having bachelors can take admission in IMSc, HRI, IISER Pune. In their integrated PhD programme.
I checked out HRI and IMSc websites, but couldn’t find any list of students who got admission in their integrated programme through NBHM .
My question is: Do these two institutes really admit students through NBHM as is mentioned on their websites ( provided they’ve cleared their cutoffs and followed by an interview ofc) OR they don’t.
Please can you clear up thing for me, as I know this will me and other future aspirants.
Thank You.
Gonit Sora
Posted at 18:23h, 31 DecemberYes, these institutes do admit students through the NBHM PhD examination.
Avantika
Posted at 06:20h, 20 DecemberSir, i am pursuing msc in applied mathematics . I dont want to go in teaching field. What else should i do?
Manjil Saikia
Posted at 11:34h, 28 DecemberHi, you can do a lot of things. Many of these have been mentioned in the comments before you, but you could consider going into data analytics, banking, finance, actuarial science and many others. If you tell us some of the courses that you find interesting we can give a better answer.
Anwesha
Posted at 17:21h, 21 DecemberHello sir,
I am madly in love with maths and I am a 11 class student and I want to know about the best books of maths for attaining a great lead over others ..
Till now I have almost completed all the volumes of cengage books .
I want to go for research in maths
So what kind of books shall I follow
Please do answer
Manjil Saikia
Posted at 11:39h, 28 DecemberHi, its good to know that you are interested in mathematics and are eager to learn more. When I was your age, I enjoyed reading the following books:
1. Challenge and Thrill of PreCollege Mathematics by Venkatachala, et. al.
2. Problem solving strategies by Arthur Engel
3. Men of Mathematics by E. T. Bell
4. Introduction to the Theory of Numbers by Niven, Zuckerman and Montgomery
5. Introductory Combinatorics by Brualdi
6. Geometry Revisited by Coxeter
7. What is Mathematics? by Robbins and Courant
I guess these should keep you busy for some time. 🙂
HARSHIT JAIN
Posted at 08:54h, 07 Januarysir , kindly tell what is good, doing a JRF in mathematical science from CSIR or doing M MATH from ISI . After graduation in engineering .
Manjil Saikia
Posted at 11:04h, 09 JanuaryJRF is not a degree, it is a qualifying exam and is always a good career decision to aim for. So, you can actually do both.
Himanshu
Posted at 19:24h, 22 FebruarySir, due to Back paper examination ,I have gap year.I am preparing for msc .math at CMI.Is there any institute in India offering one year M.sc math .Is there any other method to cover gap year?
Hi
Posted at 05:43h, 23 FebruaryI have a gap year due to Back paper examination.I am preparing for CMI msc math .Is there any institute in India offering one year msc math? Is there any other method to save this gap year.