22 Aug Diligimus Cognition (We love knowledge) (1)
Q1:- This word is believed to be drawn from an Arabic word which originally meant a fine powder of Antimony produced by distillation. In his translation of John of Vigo in 1543, Bartholomew Traheron introduces this word as a term used by “barbarous” (Moorish) authors for “fine powder”. Later, the word came to refer to any fluid obtained by distillation. What is the word being referred to here?
Q2:- David Chaney, an inhabitant of North Carolina who served as Dean of the North Carolina State University College of Textiles, headed a team of researchers that went on to create the first notable “X”, manufacturing it from synthetic fibres in 1960.Their creation came into prominence in 1966 when a certain kind of “X” was installed at a sports facility in Houston, Texas. The accomplishments of Chaney were widely acknowledged in the Sports Illustrated. However, the acceptability of “X” had been widely hampered as it exposed the sportspersons to greater risks of injury. What is “X”?
Q4:- This “phrase” refers to a fictional and non surgical procedure that focuses on erasing painful and unwanted memories from a person’s brain. In the layman’s term the procedure may be described as a mild form of brain damage. One of the exponents of this procedure (in the fictional world) compared the procedure to a “night of heavy drinking”. Though the procedure is fictional, recent research has proved that such selective erasure of memory is possible in lab mice. Give the “phrase” that refers to the procedure and the “work of fiction” in which the phrase was used?
Q5:- Identify the event from the logo.
Q6:- One of the earliest uses of this natural mineral was as kohl. In Ancient Egypt, the mineral was applied around the eyes to reduce the glare of the desert sun and to repel flies. The mineral in question was also used as a semiconductor with a small bandgap of about 0.4 eV in early wireless communication systems. Since the deposits of this mineral contain significant amounts of silver in various forms, the argentiferous forms of this mineral have also long been the most important ore of silver in mining. However, the mineral is one of the most important ore of an economically important element. Identify the mineral.
Q7:- What comes next after the first two pictures? Looking for a word rather than a picture! Explain
Q9:- While in reference to the moon, three forms are used viz. ‘–selene’, ‘-cynthion’ and ‘-lune’, albeit very infrequently. According to some the ‘-cynthion’ form is reserved for artificial bodies. Others opine that the ‘-lune’ form should be used for an object launched from the Moon and ‘-cynthion’ for an object launched from elsewhere. However, the ‘-cynthion’ form was the version used in the Apollo Project, following a NASA decision in 1964. Similarly, in case of Venus we have ‘-cytherion’, ‘-cytherean’, ‘-krition’ forms. For a black hole ‘-melasma’, ‘-bothra’, ‘-nigricon’ are the different terms that are used. Where do we find these words or rather the suffixes?
Q10:- Apart from being a talented violinist and a strong table tennis player, this Russian gentleman has achieved great feats in the field of Mathematics. He had been bestowed the top laurels in the field of Mathematics but he declined them citing indifferences with the mathematical community .Identify him?
Answers:- A1:- Alcohol (Derived from the Arabic al-kuḥl,). A2:- Artificial Turf (The surface that is used in playing baseball.hockey etc). A3:- The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) – ICANN is responsible for managing the assignment of domain names and IP addresses. A4:- “Targeted memory erasure” .The procedure was described in the movie “Eternal Sunshine Of The Spotless Mind”. A5:- The Wiki Conference in India. A6:- Galena or lead sulfide (PbS). A7:- The word I was looking for is Java (Java Language). The language was initially called Oak after an oak tree that stood outside one of the founder’s office (that’s the pic of an Oak tree); it went by the name Green (Suggested by the pic of Green Day) later, and was later renamed Java, from a list of random words. A8:- The Fall Of A Sparrow by Salim Ali A9:- These are the words which are used after “Peri-“ and “Apo-“ to indicate “The point of closest approach” and “The point of farthest excursion” to and from a celestial body respectively. In case of the Earth the terms “Perigee” and “Apogee” are used. A10:- Grigori Yakovlevich Perelman. He proved the Poincare Conjecture! Declined the Fields Medal (2006) and the coveted Mi
llennium Prize (2010). -Salik Miskat Borbora.
Managing Editor of the English Section, Gonit Sora and Research Associate, Cardiff University, UK.